MCQ on Digestion and Absorption

1. Choose the correct enzyme substrate pair
a) rennin - casein
b)amylase-protein
c)lipase- carbohydrate
d) maltase-lactose
2. The enzyme enterokinase helps in the conversion of
a)caesinogen into caesin
b)trypsinogen into trypsin
c)pepsinogen into pepsin
d)proteins into polypaptides
3.Which one of the following vitamins can be synthesised by bacteria inside the gut?
a)D
b)K
c)C
d)B1

4. Duodenum has characteristic Brunner’s gland which secrete two hormones called
a)kinase, estrogen
b)secretin, cholecystokinin
c)prolactin, parathormone
d)estradiol, progesterone

5. A patient is generally advised to specially, consume more meat, lentils, milk and eggs in diet only when he suffers from
a)scurvy
b)anemia
c)rickets
d)kwashiorkor

6. Water is mostly absorbed in
a)colon
b)esophagus
c)small intestine
d)stomach

7. Which of the following is the largest gland in an adult man
a)thyroid
b)pancreas
c)thymus
d)liver

8.The epithelial surface area of large intestine---of the small intestine.
a)1/5th
b)1/10th
c)1/3th
d)1/12th

9. Balanced diet should have
a) 1/5 protein, 1/5 fats and 3/5 carbohydrates
b) 1/5 protein, 3/5 fats and 3/5 carbohydrates
c) 1/2 protein, 1/4 fats and 3/5 carbohydrates
d) 3/5 protein, 1/5 fats and 1/5 carbohydrates

10. Imbalances of certain hormones, deficiencies of calcium and vitamin D are major causative factors of
a)rheumatoid arthritis
b)lipoproteins
c)gouty arthritis
d)osteoporosis
Answers
1. a) rennin - casein
2. b)trypsinogen into trypsin
3. b)K
4. b)secretin, cholecystokinin
5. d)kwashiorkor
6. a)colon
7. d)liver
8. b)1/10th
9. a) 1/5 protein, 1/5 fats and 3/5 carbohydrates
10. d)osteoporosis

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